Specifics of the septic system aeration process

septic system aeration

A home septic system is a water treatment system located on your property.  The main components usually include a pipe running from your house, a large septic tank, a drain field, and some septic systems include a pump for septic system aeration.

Step 1:  Waste water is sent to the septic tank

All wastewater from your home runs to a main pipe that carries it to the septic tank.  This includes water from sinks, toilets, dishwashers, showers, and washing machines. Because all the water from your house is going to an enclosed tank, you should be cautious about what solids or chemicals you send down the drain.  The size of the tank depends on the number of people who use it on a daily basis, but they are usually between 750 and 1,250 gallons. In a typical septic system, the tank is usually divided into 2 compartments, but if your system includes a Hiblow septic aerator, the tank usually has 3 compartments.  The tank is usually made of either concrete or fiberglass and is buried between a few inches and a few feet underground.

Step 2: Breakdown and separation of solids sometimes includes septic system aeration

In the first compartment of the septic tank, wastewater settles into three layers: fat and oil on top, liquid in the middle, and solids on the bottom. Most larger solids are left on the bottom of this first compartment where bacteria work to break them down.  In a typical septic system, the wastewater then flows to a second compartment where it settles further and anaerobic bacteria continue to break down solids until the process is complete.

Some septic systems include a Hiblow septic aerator in one of the compartments which adds oxygen to the tank.  This Hiblow pump allows bacteria to work aerobically (with oxygen), often making them more effective at helping to “clean” the wastewater.

Step 3:  Effluent is released from the home septic system

When the wastewater is cleared of solids and ready to leave the tank, the water that is left is called effluent.  The effluent flows or is pumped out of the tank and into a drain field.  The drain field is made up of rows of perforated pipes buried a few inches below the ground.  These pipes allow the water to drain into the soil. The soil filters the water and naturally occurring microbes help to clean it before it mixes with the groundwater.  The size of your drain field and its location on your property depends on the size of your septic tank, the type of soil in your yard, and the water table in your area. You can learn more about a septic system and a Hiblow septic aerator at https://www.wastewaterpro.com/

Even though there are some slight differences depending on the construction of the system, the overall process of using an aeration septic system to filter the home’s wastewater is largely similar.

Septic Tank Lids Are One of the Most Commonly Replaced Items in the System

What are the different parts of a septic system? 

Needing septic services is just another responsibility of homeowners that live in an area where having a septic system instead of relying on public waste disposal is necessary. What exactly does this mean, though? You may be familiar with having a septic tank inspection done – and you may even be experienced with the process of cleaning out and emptying a septic tank to essentially start fresh, but what else can happen? 

There are a few basic components of the septic system that you should know about, and they include: 

The holding tanks, where the wastewater travels through as it is cleaned and processed. There may be more than one chamber in a single tank, or two separate sections of tank – it depends on the construction of your septic system. 

The septic pump will help facilitate the water’s movement through the system, ensuring that the water is drained out and removed as it should be, even if the elevation of the tank is below the drainage field. 

Septic aerators may not be present in all systems, but when they are, they are used as a means for agitating the water and adding in oxygen, which helps to break down the bacteria and solids within the system. 

Septic tank lids and covers are the most exposed portions of your home’s septic system, and they act as the barrier – and an access point – for septic tank maintenance and care. These lids cover the openings of the system, giving inspectors and homeowners a way to more closely monitor the status of their system. 

Septic Services Cover a Broad Variety of Components 

When you schedule a septic tank inspection, you’re actually getting more than a simple visual inspection; you’re receiving a service from someone that is trained and highly capable of providing you valuable information that goes beyond giving you an “all clear” or telling you what is necessary to fix your septic tank components. The septic services provider will be able to tell you more about your system, give you some ideas as to changes you can make – the amount of water you use, the introduction of septic tank treatment products, whether or not your tank is on schedule for recommended use and drainage routines – this information is important, and getting it from a trusted source is even more important. 

As with all machines that feature moving parts, the ones that are in use most often will typically be the ones that need replacement first. Things like septic pumps, septic system aerators and even the septic tank lid (because it is removed and accessed during inspection and is commonly visible above ground) often need to be repaired or replaced before other things like drainage pipes, the tanks themselves or the screens, flaps or connectors within the systems

To learn more about what may be necessary for your septic tank, schedule an appointment for inspection today. It’s the first step in finding the right solutions for your septic tank, but it’s the most important, too.